About HUMATIN™: Paromomycin Sulfate Capsules?
HUMATIN™ is a prescription medicine, also known as an aminoglycoside antibiotic, containing paromomycin sulfate to treat acute and chronic intestinal amebiasis and the management of hepatic coma as an adjunctive therapy. It is not effective in extraintestinal amebiasis.
Amebiasis is a disease caused by a parasite called Entamoeba Histolytica that infects the intestines. When this occurs, individuals could experience symptoms, including diarrhea, bloody stool, stomach pain, cramping, fever, loss of appetite, and nausea. To stop the growth of the intestinal parasite, your doctor can prescribe HUMATIN™. Because the medication is poorly absorbed into the bloodstream, it only treats intestinal parasitic infections, not extraintestinal infections.
Your doctor may also prescribe HUMATIN™ to treat hepatic coma, also known as hepatic encephalopathy, a nervous system disorder caused by liver disease, as an adjunctive therapy. These individuals have intestinal bacteria that produce too much ammonia in the liver, and HUMATIN™ can help stop bacterial growth.
Note: While taking HUMATIN™, it’s important to have your doctor monitor you for the overgrowth of other organisms, such as fungi.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION AND INDICATIONS
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Paromomycin sulfate is indicated for intestinal amebiasis–acute and chronic (NOTE-It is not effective in extraintestinal amebiasis); management of hepatic coma–as adjunctive therapy.
To reduce the development of drug-resistant bacteria and maintain the effectiveness of HUMATIN™ Capsules and other antibacterial drugs, HUMATIN™ Capsules should be used only to treat or prevent infections that are proven or strongly suspected to be caused by susceptible bacteria. When culture and susceptibility information are available, they should be considered in selecting or modifying antibacterial therapy. In the absence of such data, local epidemiology and susceptibility patterns may contribute to the empiric selection of therapy.
Paromomycin sulfate is contraindicated in individuals with a history of previous hypersensitivity reactions to it. It is also contraindicated in intestinal obstruction.
Prescribing HUMATIN™ Capsules in the absence of a proven or strongly suspected bacterial infection or a prophylactic indication is unlikely to provide benefit to the patient and increases the risk of the development of drug-resistant bacteria.
The use of this antibiotic, as with other antibiotics, may result in an overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi. Constant observation of the patient is essential. If new infections caused by nonsusceptible organisms appear during therapy, appropriate measures should be taken. The drug should be used with caution in individuals with ulcerative lesions of the bowel to avoid renal toxicity through inadvertent absorption.
Information for Patients
Patients should be counseled that antibacterial drugs including HUMATIN™ Capsules should only be used to treat bacterial infections. They do not treat viral infections (e.g., the common cold). When HUMATIN™ Capsules is prescribed to treat a bacterial infection, patients should be told that although it is common to feel better early in the course of therapy, the medication should be taken exactly as directed. Skipping doses or not completing the full course of therapy may (1) decrease the effectiveness of the immediate treatment and (2) increase the likelihood that bacteria will develop resistance and will not be treatable by HUMATIN™ Capsules or other antibacterial drugs in the future.
See DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
- Intestinal amebiasis: Adults and Pediatric Patients: Usual dose—25 to 35 mg/kg body weight daily, administered in three doses with meals, for five to ten days.
- Management of hepatic coma for adults: Usual dose—4 g daily in divided doses, given at regular intervals for five to six days.
HUMATIN™ Capsules each contain paromomycin sulfate equivalent to 250 mg paromomycin, are supplied as follows:
NDC 80725-250-01: Bottles of 100
The capsule is Dark Blue Opaque /White Opaque, imprinted with “HP 38” in black ink on the cap and on the body.
Nausea, abdominal cramps, and diarrhea have been reported in patients on doses over 3 g daily.
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, Waylis Therapeutics LLC at 844-200-7910 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.